Eating healthy is a primary key to maintaining health. With many years of an unhealthy diet, people tend to develop chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. Healthy eating may help prevent disease. Eating properly after being diagnosed with a nutrition related disease is critical in long term disease management. When illness or disease strike, a person’s
nutritional needs will change. Many times the need for calories and other nutrients go up. Other dietary needs may change as well depending on the person’s illness, injury, disease, or condition.
A Hospital Corpsman (HM) must recognize the importance nutrition plays in both health and disease. Eating well in a healthy state is just as critical as eating well in the diseased state. The HM’s diet can be an example to shipmates in demonstrating proper food choices. The HMs knowledge and expertise can help lead people to improving their own diets
There are times when patients are unable to be treated in an outpatient setting. The disease or injury is severe enough to require twenty-four hour care and monitoring to assist the patient back to a self-sustaining level of health and wellness. There are many types of specialized inpatient care areas. This chapter will review the unique qualities and requirements of the medical, surgical, orthopedic, and terminally ill inpatient care areas.